Tuesday, July 21, 2015

TTIP, TTP, TISA. Government says "YES", eminent economist says "NO"

The entire policy, with rare exceptions, has already provided its own answer: The TTIP, TTP and TISA will be a good business solutions in the United States and in the rest of the world to abolish exorbitant protective tariffs, increasing volumes of business, foster vertiginous growth  of GDP and employment as never before.
But let's explain first:
TTIP - The Transatlantic Partnership for Trade and Investment  is a trade agreement  between the European Union and the United States. If the final project will be approved will cover about half of global GDP, over 30% of global trade and more than 40% of global trade in services. The major agreements concern Textile, Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic, Medical, Computer, Engineering and Products, Pesticides, Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. We are talking about agreements with an immense proportions that will affect the lives of millions of Americans and Europeans.
TTP - The Trans-Pacific Partnership concerns the other part of the world that is going to trade and do business with the United States: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam. These agreements will affect the services market, Rules of origin, sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, Intellectual Property, Competition Policy. Here too, the figures involved are huge, about 40% of world GDP.
TISA - The Agreement on Trade and Services. In particular we talk about the liberalization of transport, banking and healthcare. The agreement involves 24 countries, including all the European Union, and even Australia, Canada, Chile, Taiwan, Colombia, Costa Rica, Hong Kong, Iceland, Israel, Japan, Liechtenstein, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Panama , Paraguay, Peru, South Korea, Switzerland, Turkey, United States, about 70% of the World Economic Services. This plan proposes that once abolished a customs barriers between two countries, this can not be reintroduced.
So with these agreements would eliminate those barriers, those State rules, those
legislation laces  that would prevent the fluidity and the economic growth between the US and Europe, including the US and Rest of World. Once again, those who control the financial institution, the economic and the political world tends to provide an extreme simplification of the benefits of these partnerships: more work, greater prosperity, greater well-being. Since we are not economic experts but curious and attentive people we going to read some authoritative commentary of those who do not regard these treaties as the panacea for all the world's problems.

- Prof. Jane Kelsey (Professor of Law at the University of Auckland, MPhil from the University of Cambridge author of numerous publications on economics and the free market). Here is one of his last articles dated June 5, 2015.
"Wikileaks has once again made public documents on TISA that should have remained secret for the next five years. We would like negotiations" clean "without all the secrecy to not jeopardize the rights and quality of public services offered to New Zealand people. This deregulation not only facilitate privatization but give green light to those financial institutions and multinational companies to enter a country by buying and changing public services as they wish, without  the government power to do something. "

- Prof. Ha Joon Chang (Korean Economist, Associate Professor at the University of Cambridge, Consultant at the World Bank, the European Investment Bank, various UN departments and Oxfam. Author of numerous academic works).
This a speech March 3, 2015 on "The Guardian"
"In fact, despite the promoters of the Free Market, are precisely industrial policies smart, also to protect the emerging industrial areas, that can support the growth of a country.Being pro-business does not mean being pro-rich. Under the rhetoric of the pro-business we forget that governments have more to think about. For example, for the desire to do business you will, at times, lower taxes and barriers for Corporations, but that means going to tax more heavily other sectors of society to try to get the same level of services. Neoliberalism is not the best route to economic development. Democracy follows the principle of "one man, one vote" as the free market is the formula "one dollar, one vote". They overtake the masses to promote the rich guy in charge. "

- Jeffrey Sachs (American Economist, Director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University, special advisor to the United Nations, in the 2004/5 biennium is included in the ranking of the Times "The 100 most influential people on the planet")

This brought his thoughts on a Huffington Post article of September 15, 2014
"These agreements (TTIP, TTP, TISA) ignore the real challenges of this millennium, which are environment and growing inequalities. The internal process is not transparent, a more than sufficient reason not to respect the treaty. I am not against Globalization, but I always dreamed of moving toward a comprehensive system that is decent and humane, which recognizes the winners but also the losers, which redistributes with equity, which fights poverty. This globalization favors only investors. The slice of this system get widens, but with enormous costs for poverty and inequality, with financial crises and environmental disasters more frequent. These treaties will speed up these processes. "

- Dani Rodrik (Turkish economist, professor of Social Sciences at the Institute in Princeton New Jersey. Collaborator of the most important associations of Economic Research)This a speech on TTIP dated May 6, 2015
"We are shooting  fabulous
numbers, incredible growth, but in fact who is going to explain to the people? GDP growth does not take into account the increase of welfare. They tell us" less barriers, more economic efficiency, increased exports and more work ", but in a correct mercantile vision  export is positive, import a little less. So if we export in some countries, in the hypothetical country that receives our products we will destroy the labor market. In addition, all drafts are on by secret vote. Too many uncertainties of these agreements, there should be more public debates and less secretiveness. "

- Barnie Sanders (American politician, senator for the Democrats.).That his thinking in a speech at the US Senate, reported on "Economy in Crisis" April 29, 2015.
"These agreements always say the same things, but in the end are a failure. The NAFTA (Economic Agreement signed by the US, Canada and Mexico in 1994) would have to open up markets for Mexican products Americans. Clinton in 1993 said that NAFTA would created 200,000 jobs in the first two years. The Economic Policy Institute shows instead how all these trade agreements with Mexico, but also with China and Korea have increased the deficit in trade and more than 5 million jobs lost in 2013 alone . This is also evidenced by an article in the "New York Times" of 2013 entitled "Suffered Under NAFTA Mexico and the US felt its pain."

- Joseph Stiglitz (US economist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 2001. Adviser in the Clinton administration, Vice President of the World Bank, hundreds of its publications)Here is a passage of his thinking on the site "Project Syndicate"

"These agreements are not a real partnership of equality because the US dictate the terms. It goes beyond the normal trade, imposing fundamental changes in legal structures, justice and laws of an individual countries without due consideration for Democratic Institutions. In
similar cases  governments of Uruguay and Australia have been sued by "Philip Morris" for put on cigarette package more shocking images on the consequences of smoking, to protect consumers. The rules determine the type of economy and society we live in. They influencing the negotiations with a drift towards inequality. What we want to achieve with this agreement is not an improvement a system of rules and exchange positive for US citizens and Europeans, but to ensure free field to companies in harmful economic activities  for the 'environment and for human health. The question is shall these multinationals decide the way of life of the society in the 21st century? I hope that Asia, USA and Europe will respond "NO". "

How can we forget the recent case reported by the organization "Corporate Europe" on the attempts of some Corporation in the chemical and pesticide (CEFIC - European Chemical Industry Council & amp; ECPA - European Crop Protection Association, Bayer) to stop the banning of 'EDC, a broad category of substances or mixtures of substances that alter the functions of the endocrine system, causing adverse effects on the health of an organism. Human exposure to these substances, present from cosmetics, to plastics, pesticides, can cause cancer of the prostate, breast, infertility, diabetes, obesity, malformations. Delaying these regulations on this dangerous substance is essential for these Lobby. Extreme effort to include EDC in the deregulation of TTIP will, if approved.
The complaints of secrecy of these treaties are somehow rejected the sender by the European Commission, which has started to publish the files on the benefits of TTIP, but going to browse the site, the informations are always very vague: increase employment, benefits for industry and agriculture, health and wealth. While Wikileaks continues to churn out confidential documents that reveal the real intentions of those who weaves the threads of these agreements.
History has shown the total unreliability of these treaties, see NAFTA, the brightest minds in the world economy warn about the dangers of these agreements and the potential increase of the gap between rich and poor, between multinational and national sovereignty, between rights and dollars. Politics is increasingly entangled in the net of these Lobby, for every movement the canvas wraps and imprisons more. The people are mobilizing against TTIP, TISA and TTP but not enough. Only a global awareness of what politics represents nowadays can really lead to a cultural revolution. Delegate our life, unique and unrepeatable, in the hands of these individuals, without questioning them constantly about what they are doing is equivalent to a crime, a crime against ourselves and our future. Governments are increasingly authoritarian where citizens have stopped asking and be  interested in the most precious gift: their lives. Maremma cinghialaaaaaaaaaaaaa


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